12-19 | Cases of cholera may have declined in Yemen, but the ongoing war and blockade are now creating a new threat to public health, as a suspected diphtheria outbreak takes hold. By 4 December, 318 suspected cases of diphtheria and 28 deaths had been reported in 15 of Yemen’s 20 governorates. Half the suspected cases are children between the ages of 5 and 14, and nearly 95% of deaths are children under 15.
Papua New Guinea ：MSF calls on authorities to grant its team access to the asylum seekers and refugees in Manus Island Transit Centres
11-26 | Médecins Sans Frontières / Doctors Without Borders (MSF) calls on Papua New Guinea (PNG) authorities to give its team access to the asylum seekers and refugees in Manus Transit Centres, to assess their conditions and provide essential medical care as appropriate. On Friday 24 November, PNG police removed the refugees and asylum seekers who remained inside the officially-closed Regional Processing Centre (RPC), in which hundreds of refugees and asylum seekers were still living.
9-6 | Rohingya refugees fleeing to Bangladesh urgently require medical and humanitarian assistance, as an already dire humanitarian situation along the border with Myanmar worsens. By 6 September, over 146,000 people had crossed into Bangladesh, fleeing violence in Rakhine state, Myanmar. This figure, coming on top of 75,000 people who have arrived since violence began in October 2016, represents one of the largest influxes ever of Rohingyas into Bangladesh.
8-22 | Hopes for improved access to an affordable pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) that safeguards both children and adults from pneumonia was dealt a major blow after the Indian patent office granted a patent to the US pharmaceutical corporation Pfizer for its PCV13 product, marketed as Prevnar13. “It’s unfair and unacceptable that almost a million children die each year from pneumonia, even though a life-saving vaccine is available.
7-10 | An urgent scale-up of aid is needed in the northern district of Abs, the area worst affected by Yemen’s cholera outbreak, according to Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF). The disease is spread by contaminated water, so water and sanitation activities are particularly vital to tackle the problem at source, says MSF. “In Abs district, our teams are seeing an extremely poor sanitation situation and insufficient access to clean drinking water,” says Gabriel Sánchez, MSF programme manager for Yemen.